Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFC) are establishments that provide financial services and banking facilities without meeting the legal definition of a Bank. They are covered under the Banking regulations laid down by the Reserve Bank of India and provide banking services like loans, credit facilities, TFCs, retirement planning, investing and stocking in money market. However they are restricted from taking any form of deposits from the general public. These organizations play a crucial role in the economy, offering their services in urban as well as rural areas, mostly granting loans allowing for growth of new ventures.
NBFCs also provide a wide range of monetary advices like chit-reserves and advances. Hence it has become a very important part of our nation’s Gross Domestic Product and NBFCs alone count for 12.5% raise in Gross Domestic Product of our country. Most people prefer NBFCs over banks as they find them safe, efficient and quick in assisting with financial requirements. Moreover, there are various loan products available and there is flexibility and transparency in their services.
There are a huge number of NBFCs operating in our country but here’s a look at the current top 10 NBFCs in India.
Finance Corporation Limited was founded in 1986 and is a Navratna Status company. Mukesh Kumar Goel is the Chairman & Managing Director of the company. Power Finance Corporation Limited is known to provide financial assistance to different power projects in the country. It supports organizations involved in Power generation, transmission and distribution. The company is also listed in National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).
Transport Finance Company Limited focuses on funding commercial and business vehicles, besides others. The company was founded in 1979 and has been offering funding services for Light Duty Trucks, Heavy Duty Trucks, Mini Trucks, Passenger Vehicles, Construction Vehicles and Farm Equipments. The company’s specialisation is in general insurance, mutual funds, common assets, stock broking and general protection.
was founded in 2007 and is a unit of Bajaj Holdings and Investments. It offers loans to doctors for career enhancement, home loans, gold loans, individual Loans, business and entrepreneur loans and is an extremely popular finance company. Apart from these, Bajaj Finserv also provides services like wealth advisory, lending money and general insurance. It has over 1400 branches across the country with more than 20000 employees.
& Mahindra Financial Services Limited (MMFSL) was established in 1991 and has over 1000 branches, and a customer base of over 3 million, all over the country. MMFSL is one of the most renowned organizations and has two affiliates offering Insurance services and rural housing financial services. It also specialises in offering gold advances, vehicle advances, corporate advances, home credits, working capital advances and much more.
Muthoot Finance Ltd is India’s first NBFC tracing its history back to 1888, when it began as a small lender from a village in Kerala. Muthoot Finance Ltd sanctions loans only against pledge of gold ornaments. It is a leader in India’s gold loan and finance market. Besides financing gold transactions, Muthoot Finance Ltd offers foreign exchange services, money transfers, wealth management services, travel and tourism services. Gold coins are also sold at Muthoot Finance Branches. The company has its headquarters in Kerala, India, and operates over 4,400 branches throughout the country. It is also the parent company of Muthoot Housing Finance (India) Ltd, which offers home loans.
HDB Financial Services is operated by India’s largest private sector HDFC Bank. It offers a variety of secured and non-secured financial loans through a network of more than 1,000 branches in 22 Indian states and 3 Union Territories. It provides secured and unsecured loans, including personal and business loans, doctor's loans, auto loans, gold loans, new to credit loans, enterprise business loans, consumer durables loans, construction equipment loans, new and used car loans, equipment loans, and tractor loans. The company operates through Lending Business and BPO Services segments. It is considered the fastest growing NBFC in India today.
Cholamandalam Investment and Finance Company Limited (Chola), was incorporated in 1978 as the financial services arm of the Murugappa Group. Chola started as an equipment financing company and has surged ahead as a complete financial services provider offering all kinds of services like - vehicle finance, home loans, home equity loans, SME loans, investment advisory services, stock broking and a host of other financial services to customers. Chola has 725 branches across India with assets under management above INR 35,000 Crores.
Tata Capital Financial Services Limited is top of India’s leading NBFCs. Established in 2007, it is a subsidiary of Tata Sons Limited. TCFS describes itseld as a one-stop financial service provider that caters to the diverse needs of retail, corporate and institutional customers across businesses. It is registered with RBI as ‘Systemically Important Non-Deposit Accepting Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC)’. Among the various products offered by TCFS to individuals, families and businesses, are commercial finance, infrastructure finance, wealth management, consumer loans and distribution and marketing of Tata Cards.
L & T Finance Limited is a strong player in the non banking financial sector and was established in 1994. Headquartered in Mumbai, L & T offers funding services to different sectors like trade, industry, agriculture, Commercial Vehicle loans, Individual Vehicle loans, and corporate and rural loans. The company caters to more than 10 lakh people. In 2010, L & T was awarded the “Company of the year” in the Economic Times awards.
Aditya Birla Finance Limited, a part of the Aditya Birla Financial Services, was incorporated in 1991 and is an ISO 9001:2008 certified NBFC. ABFL is registered with RBI as a ‘systemically important non-deposit accepting NBFC’ and it ranks among the top five largest private diversified NBFCs in India. It offers precise and customised solutions across a wide range, from corporate finance to commercial mortgage, and from capital markets to structured finance.
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