The Top 10 Microfinance Companies in India, 2024

Updated On : April 2024


Microfinance has emerged as a vital instrument for fostering financial inclusion in India, granting credit and financial services access to the economically vulnerable segments of society. Throughout the years, microfinance institutions (MFIs) have been instrumental in empowering individuals, especially women, and fostering entrepreneurship in rural and semi-urban regions. India's microfinance sector has experienced remarkable growth, with numerous prominent companies making a substantial impact. This article will explore the top microfinance companies in India, delving into each organization's operations, services, and contributions to the industry.

Key Factors Driving Growth of Microfinance in India

The promotion of financial inclusion in India has been facilitated through the emergence of microfinance, a critical tool that enables access to credit and other financial services for the unbanked and underbanked population. This sector has witnessed significant growth over time, propelled by several key factors. Some of the driving forces behind the growth of microfinance in India are mentioned below:

  • Rising demand for credit

    The growth of microfinance in India is driven by a crucial element: the rising clamor for credit among the unbanked and underserved sections of society. As the Indian economy burgeons, small business owners, farmers, and low-income households find themselves in greater need of credit. In this context, microfinance institutions have emerged as vital players, meeting this demand by facilitating access to small loans and other financial services that would otherwise remain inaccessible through traditional banking channels.

  • Government support

    The proactive approach adopted by the Indian government towards promoting financial inclusion and supporting the expansion of the microfinance sector is a key driver of the industry's growth. Through the launch of various initiatives and programs, including the Pradhan Mantri Jan DhanYojana, the government seeks to extend access to financial services to every household across the nation. Additionally, regulatory frameworks such as the Microfinance Institutions (Development and Regulation) Act have been established by the government to ensure the smooth functioning of the microfinance industry in India.

  • Technological advancements

    The surge of digital technology has had a massive influence on the escalation of microfinance in India. Microfinance institutions have capitalized on digital platforms to communicate with a broader spectrum of audiences and render more efficient and cost-effective services. The utilization of mobile banking, digital wallets, and other avant-garde technologies has simplified the delivery of financial services to remote and unprivileged areas by microfinance institutions.

  • Support from financial institutions

    In the context of the growth of microfinance in India, the role of financial institutions, such as banks and non-banking financial companies, has been recognized as significant. Several banks have shown their enthusiasm to dedicate microfinance departments or ally with microfinance institutions to offer financial services to the unbanked and underserved populace. This collaboration has enabled microfinance institutions to garner funding and enhance their market reach.

List of Top Ten Microfinance Companies in India

  • Equitas Small Finance Bank

    Equitas, headquartered in Chennai, South India, is a dynamic financial institution with a clear mission: to empower small entrepreneurs and drive economic growth in India. Specializing in providing loans to small-scale businesses, it has transformed the lives of three million microfinance customers across 17 Indian states. Since being founded in 2007, the company has rapidly risen to prominence and is now a prominent player in India's microcredit sector.

    Beyond microfinance, Equitas extends its support to different sectors. It facilitates affordable housing loans, helping families realize the dream of owning a home. Additionally, it offers financing solutions for commercial vehicles, contributing to the growth of small businesses and logistics in the region.

  • Bandhan Bank

    Inaugurated in 2015, Bandhan Bank ranks among India's most extensive microfinance institutions. Initially established as a microfinance company in 2001, it later obtained a banking license from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Bandhan Bank provides a diverse array of financial products and services, including microloans, savings accounts, and insurance products. The bank's primary focus is on catering to the unbanked and underbanked populations, maintaining a robust presence in rural and semi-urban areas.

  • Bharat Financial Inclusion Limited (BFIL)

    Previously known as SKS Microfinance, Bharat Financial Inclusion Limited operates as a non-banking financial company (NBFC) that delivers microcredit services to low-income households. Established in 1998, BFIL boasts an extensive network of branches throughout India, offering microloans for income-generating activities, emergency loans, and home improvement loans. The company has significantly contributed to promoting financial inclusion and empowering female entrepreneurs in rural regions.

  • Arohan Financial Services Limited

    As a part of the Aavishkaar-Intеllеcap Group, Arohan Financial Services Limited is an NBFC-MFI that provides microfinance services to economically disadvantaged individuals and micro-entrepreneurs. Founded in 2006, Arohan operates across numerous Indian states, offering microloans for various purposes such as business expansion, education, and healthcare. Additionally, the company provides micro-insurance and pension products in collaboration with leading insurance providers.

  • Ujjivan Small Finance Bank

    A subsidiary of Ujjivan Financial Services Limited, Ujjivan Small Finance Bank was established in 2017 after acquiring a banking licеnsе from the RBI. The bank delivers a comprehensive suite of financial products and services, including microloans, savings accounts, fixed deposits, and insurance products. Ujjivan concentrates on serving the unbanked and underbanked population, emphasizing financial literacy and customеr-cеntric services.

  • Janalakshmi Financial Services

    Now operating as Jana Small Finance Bank, Janalakshmi Financial Services is an NBFC-MFI that offers microfinance services to low-income households and micro-entrepreneurs. Incepted in 2000, the company maintains an extensive network of branches across India, providing microloans for a variety of purposes such as business expansion, education, and healthcare. Besides microcredit, Janalakshmi also offers savings accounts, fixed deposits, and insurance products.

  • Spandana Sphoorty Financial Limited

    Spandana Sphoorty Financial Limited is an NBFC-MFI that delivers microfinance services to economically disadvantageous individuals and micro-entrepreneurs. Established in 1998, the company operates in several Indian states, offering microloans for diverse purposes, including business expansion, education, and healthcare. Spandana Sphoorty has significantly contributed to promoting financial inclusion and empowering female entrepreneurs in rural areas.

  • Satin Crеditcarе Network Limited (SCNL)

    Satin Crеditcarе Network Limited functions as an NBFC-MFI that supplies microfinance services to low-income households and micro-entrepreneurs. Founded in 1990, SCNL has an extensive network of branches throughout India, providing microloans for incomе-gеnеrating activities, emergency loans, and home improvement loans. The company also offers micro-insurance and pension products in partnership with leading insurance providers.

  • CreditAccess Grameen

    One of the largest MFIs in India, it operates in 367 districts across 16 states and union territories, with a total of 1894 operational branches. In general, this MFI has used innovation, including digital technology and data analytics, to expand its coverage and provide tailor-made financial solutions to their clients. It seems to be one of the most socially responsible MFIs in India, as it provides a variety of loans, including income-generation loans, family welfare loans, emergency loans, and many other products and services.

  • BSS Microfinance Limited

    BSS Microfinance Limited has been operating as a trust since 1999. The company transitioned to microfinance in April 2008 and has since been at the forefront, extending loans to the economically challenged strata, especially women. Presently, BSS Microfinance is operational in four states: Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Madhya Pradesh. The company’s mission is to enhance the management of finances by providing microfinance services to women, impacting their quality of life through better earnings.


India's microfinance sector has made remarkable progress in advancing financial inclusion and empowering economically weaker sections of society. Leading microfinance companies have played a pivotal role in this growth. These organizations have not only facilitated access to credit and financial services but have also contributed to the country's overall socio-economic development. As the microfinance industry continues to evolve, these companies are anticipated to remain at the forefront, driving innovation and broadening their reach to serve more individuals in need.

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